La Guerre Froide
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Transcrits des éléments multimédias


Discours de Kennedy à propos des missiles soviétiques à Cuba

John F. Kennedy: "It shall be the policy of this nation to regard any nuclear missile launched from Cuba against any nation in the western hemisphere as an attack by the Soviet Union on the United States, requiring a full retaliatory response upon the Soviet Union."

Discours fameux de Kennedy à Berlin: "Ich bin ein Berliner!"

John F. Kennedy: "Two thousand years ago, two thousand years ago, the proudest boast was "civis Romanus sum", today, in the world of freedom, the proudest boast is "Ich bin ein Berliner". [Applause] There are some who say, there are some who say that communism is the wave of the future, let them come to Berlin!"

Discours où Kennedy annonça l'intention des É-U d'attérir sur la lune

John F. Kennedy: "We choose to go to the moon in this decade and do the other things, not because they are easy, but because they are hard!"

Discours de Kennedy à propos d'un lancement

John F. Kennedy: "Next month, when the United States of America fires the largest booster in the history of the world into space for the first time giving us the lead, fires the largest payroll, payload into space giving us the lead… it will be the largest payroll too. [Laughter-Applause] And who should know that better than Houston."



Attention: les vidéos si-dessus ne sont plus en ligne.

The Iron Curtain Falls over Europe

Male reporter: "Churchill had been right, those people now trapped behind the Iron Curtain would be subject to Soviet exploitation and repression for the next four days."

Male witness: "The Red Army, which was very much a presence in Eastern Europe, was a reality that had to be dealt with, it had to be faced. Stalin was a murderer and a gangster, he was not kidding around."


Russian: "This great great great great… what is it? Sputnik. Sputnik is around the globe. Who did it? We did it! The Soviet Union! First in the space."

American Witness: "And I can remember going out to my backyard at night, looking up at the bright streak going across the sky, and I felt a sudden sinking feeling, one of almost terror."

Americans Land on the Moon

NASA: "We copy you down, Eagle."

Male Reporter: "A journey of a quarter million miles, it took three-hundred thousand American workers to make it happen."

Neil Armstrong: "I will step off the ladder now. It's one small step for man, one giant leap for mankind."

Refugees at the Berlin Wall

Film of refugees at the wall, no dialog.

Berlin Wall Falls

Male Reporter: "The Iron Curtain is ripped down, and on November 9th, Germans break through the greatest symbol of the division between East and West, the Berlin Wall. Soviet domination of the nation it had occupied at the end of the Second World War had come to an end."

L'Allemagne divisée

Male Host: "Berlin was linked to the West by a highway and a railway which ran through the soviet zone. The city itself was divided into four sectors: Soviet, American, British and French."

La confrontation Est-Ouest en Allemagne

Male Host: "The former allies provoked each other. The West had no intention of budging from Berlin, but knew the Soviets wanted them out. They feared Stalin might risk war to achieve it.

Soviets boycott Olympics

Female news anchor: "Afghanistan, today, announced that it added its name to the growing list of nations to withdraw from the Los Angeles Olympics. There are now eight countries that have opted not to participate. Ironically it was a Soviet invasion of Afghanistan that prompted the U.S. to lead a protest boycott of the 1980 Olympics, but Moscow insists it is not retaliation for the U.S. pullout that is behind their move, instead the Soviets are maintaining that it's a lack of adequate security and the concern that their athletes might be encouraged to defect that's behind their pullout."

Reagan Gorbachev Summit

Reagan and Gorbachev shake hands, no dialog.

Space shuttle Challenger explodes

NASA operator 1: "Engine throttling up, rear engine now at 104%."

NASA operator 2: "Challenger, go at throttle up."

Challenger: "Roger forward throttle up."

[Explosion of the Challenger space shuttle.]

NASA operator 1: "One minute, fifteen seconds; velocity twenty-nine hundred feet per second; altitude nine nautical miles; down rage distance seven nautical miles."

Soviets launch Mir

Male Reporter: "Shortly after midnight Moscow-time the big Soviet rocket lifted into orbit the base module of what is intended as a permanent manned space station. A statement by TASS, the official news agency, said the space station was launched in honor of next week's communist party congress and was named Mir, the Russian word for peace. The statement said the space craft has docking ports for six other modules and when completed will contain workspace for scientist and economic endeavors plus small separate living quarters for each of the cosmonauts on board."

Gorbachev's 'radical' reform

Female Reporter: "Gorbachev sweeping economic reforms have come quickly, but boosting trade with the U.S. will be a slow and difficult process."

Male Translating Gorbachev: "We must, I'm sure, look at each other as partners and not as adversaries."

Female Reporter: "For the past year, Gorbachev has been nudging the Soviet economy in the direction of free enterprise in a bid to boost quality and output, and two months ago the Soviets revised some rules to facilitate trade and investment. New laws also simplified procedures for selling in the Soviet market and western companies proposing joint ventures will find easier approval and more generous tax brakes."

Berlin Wall dismantled

Cheering on the wall, no dialog.

Celebrations in the streets

Cheering in the streets, no dialog.

Parliament elects Yeltsin president of Russia

Female Reporter: "Boris Yeltsin has probably achieved the biggest political comeback in Soviet history. This ovation and his election to the presidency of the Soviet Union's largest republic goes a long way in obliterating his humiliating fall from power less than two years ago. Kicked of the power (bureau), Yeltsin was nearly kicked out of the party. Yet it was conciliation Yeltsin first spoke of as he took office, his call for a kind of coalition government between communists and democrats helped him win this parliamentary vote over his Gorbachev backed opponent."

KGB coup attempted

Crowd: "Yeltsin, Yeltsin, Yeltsin, …" followed by applause. No other dialog.

Cold War declared over

George Bush: "Well today for the first time an American president and a democratically elected president of an independent Russia had met, and we did so not as adversaries but as friends, and this historic meeting was yet another confirmation of the end of the Cold War and the dawn of a new era."

State of the Union Address

John F. Kennedy: "I believe that this nation should commit itself to achieving the goal before this decade is out of landing a man on the moon and returning him safely to the Earth."